common risks

Four risks factors are the most common that drive the intersections of VAW and VAC: gender inequality, male dominance in households, partner conflict and harmful consumption of alcohol.



  • Gender inequality drive power dynamics between adults and children and creates the possibility for violence to occur.
  • Male dominance underpin controlling behaviour and drives violence at home.
  • Partner conflict was associated with IPV and increased risk of children experiencing emotional, physical and sexual violence.
  • Harmful use of alcohol was associated with increased risk for IPV.


Click on the headings below for resources on the common risks: